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Manual Muscle Testing Topics

Manual muscle testing is an integral part of a physical therapy physical evaluation. All physical therapists, also called physiotherapists, are required to fully develop this evaluation skill as early as during their physical therapy education, enhanced during clinical training, and continually enhanced during practice.

A full understanding of Anatomy, particularly the OIO (Origin, Insertion, and Action of the different muscles), is a must for a successful manual muscle test assessment.

Equally important is the proper grading of muscle strength. Muscle strength is often graded from 0 with no contract/palpable contraction to 5, which is at full strength. You can learn more about these from the informations provided below.

Manual Muscle Testing Topics

MMT Books

The following are books often used by physical therapists and students that can act as a guide to learning how to perform muscle testing. The OIO, as well as the proper positioning of the client during evaluation and where the tester should apply force are included, often with full illustrations.

As always, to be able to fully grasp the proper way of conducting a muscle test is to practice correctly more often.

Muscle Testing Devices

Muscle testing devices have been developed in the past. However, they were often too large that they take up space, too expensive, and were not readily available in some parts of the world.

Advances in technology have changed that. Many hand-held manual muscle testing devices, called myometers or dynametric muscle testers, have been developed and can be reliable objective indicators of muscle strength. Another feature of modern manual muscle testing devices is that the instrument can be attached to a computer software system wherein it is recorded and results are analyzed.

The following are some examples of hand-held manual muscle testing devices.

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Disclosure: Just so you know, the links provided in the MMT Books and Muscles Testing Devices are from Amazon.com of which I am a registered affiliate and I may get a commission if you’ve decided to buy from them through the links provided. You can read about our disclaimer and privacy and advertisement policy on our About Us page. Thank you for your trust.
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